Newborn Screening

Newborn Screening Newborn Screening Baby Health

Newborn Screening:

Newborn screening (NBS) is a test to screen for serious developmental, genetic and metabolic disorders mostly Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) within 48 to 72 hours after birth.

Inborn errors of metabolism are due to defects in genes that produce enzymes which essential in many of the biochemical reactions or metabolism in our body. Enzymes are important substances for metabolism. These enzyme reactions are needed in many organs and to maintain the health of our body. The lack of a particular enzyme can cause malfunction in our metabolism, and cause different diseases.

The aim of NBS is to detect the conditions before the onset of symptoms so treatment can be started early to reduce the effect of the condition.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQ):

1. How will my baby be screened?  
    A sample of blood is obtained by pricking the baby’s heel   
    between 48 to 72 hours after birth. This sample is then placed
    on a filter paper which is sent to the laboratory for testing.

2. What are the advantages of the test?
    -  Simple and affordable
    -  Reliable
    -  Treatable when diagnosed early

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